Teachers… be theatrical and captivate your audience

miranda and kids risized

Often times, students love their teachers while others dislike them. Why is that?

Why is it that some teachers make us learn and love a subject while others send us to sleep?

When you first start teaching children English through theatre, it is important what you teach them as it is equally important how you teach that makes a lesson successful. And learning how to be a good communicator is fundamental for any new teacher.

Actors on stage are told how important it is to maintain the audience’s attention throughout a play. If they do not captivate an audience, they won’t get an applause at the end. Or in Shakespeare’s time, they would get a tomato thrown at them!

Teaching children is similar to acting. When you walk into a classroom for the first time, if you are unable to engage and motivate your children successfully, they instantly stop listening and become bored. They may not throw a tomato at you but you will lose their attention rather quickly which will cause your instruction to be ineffective and unsuccessful.

So, just as an actor learns how to entertain and inspire an audience, the first step to becoming a successful English Theatre Teacher is to learn how to communicate, to connect, and interact with your class. This will allow you to understand how to control your class, transfer your positive energy, and feel more confident yourself.

Body Language Skills:

If you want to make a good impression with a new class of children and parents, you need to be able to send the right message –  one of trust, confidence, friendliness, and professionalism.

Whether you like it or not — people will judge you in the first few seconds of meeting you on how you look and sound including how you stand, whether you communicate aggressively or have friendly gestures, whether you look confident or nervous, happy or sad, tired or awake.  This is a lot of judgement in the first 5 seconds and that’s a lot of pressure on you!

Don’t worry!  By learning some simple and effective theatrical skills, you can ensure you get over the initial nerves of meeting and greeting your very first class of children and their families.

  1. Don’t slouch! Stand up straight, shoulders back and uncross your arms and you’ll immediately feel and look more confident and open.
  1. Smile and they’ll smile back Smiling has a natural disarming effect on people. When you smile at someone more often than not they will mirror your behavior and smile back at you. By smiling you will appear warm, friendly and welcoming and above all you’ll communicate self-assurance. – All important qualities to establish in your first lesson.
  1. Make everyone feel special Make a positive impression by greeting parents with an energetic firm hand shake and using direct eye contact (there’s nothing more telling about someone’s personality than a weak handshake!). When you talk to children – kneel down to their eye level and smile.
  1. Negative Body language Avoid the following negative body language gestures which emphasize shyness, insecurity or disinterest.
  • Biting your nails
  • Avoiding eye contact
  • Looking at your watch
  • Drumming your fingers
  • Yawning
  • Rubbing your face

Voice Technique:

  1. Speak up! There is nothing more frustrating or irritating than trying to understand someone who mumbles! Children switch off if teachers are inaudible, chew their words, or trail off at the ends of sentences. To make yourself “ heard,  learn to adapt an enthusiastic, clear and engaging voice that will enthuse children. To project your voice, imagine you are speaking in front of hundred children, even when you only have ten! Don’t shout but inject a light and bright quality to your voice, chop and change your pace, rhythm and volume.
  1. Speed Use an enthusiastic tone of voice but don’t over exaggerate by speed talking! If you gabble, children won’t understand a word you are saying, so try and find a happy medium.
  1. Voice Musicality Using the same tone and pitch in your voice for the whole lesson is like listening to a broken record. You will appear dull and monotonous. Try and imagine that your voice is like a musical instrument, be inventive, play with it, have fun and vary it. Interpret different voices and adopted them to different activities. Surprise children by whispering a request, try singing a question in a high pitch or use a deep tone of voice to interpret different characters. Your children won’t expect it and it will make them laugh.
  1. Keep the language simple Don’t confuse children by using over complicated terminology in your first lesson. Keep your language simple and level appropriate and always help convey the meaning of the vocabulary by adding physical or facial gestures.

Try the following exercise by simply saying out loud the following instructions:

  • Come here and sit down please.
  • Wash your face
  • Brush your hair
  • Clap your hands.
  • Open the door
  • Put on your shoes
  • Clean the window

Now repeat and say out loud the same instructions but this time adding facial and physical gestures to the words. It’s a lot easier to understand, right? Try and become much more physical in everything you say in your English class from day one.

  1. Relax and breathe When you become apprehensive or nervous speaking in front of an audience for the first time, do you find your breath quickens and you find it difficult to speak? Do you feel you can’t seem to get enough air in your lungs or your throat tightens and closes? Or just when you want to sound super confident and in control, your voice betrays you and out comes only a tiny squeak? That’s because you stop breathing properly. Deeply. If you slow down and take deep breaths using your diaphragm and not your upper chest you’ll discover you not only calm your nerves but you’ll have a powerful and strong speaking voice that your children will want to actively listen to.

Let’s put it all together I hope these few simple “theatrical” ideas help you overcome any pre-lesson nerves you may have in approaching your first English theatre class of children and parents. Learning to incorporate positive body language and voice technique in teaching children does have enormous benefits but it does take practice, trial and error.  Remember to always plan your lessons well in advance and rehearse acting them at home, it will help you feel more confident when you are faced with a real audience!

Happy teaching Miranda






How to use Flashcards to Teach a Language

Young children, especially pre-schoolers can’t yet read or write so it’s important to find ways of introducing and practicing new vocabulary in an ESL classroom using methods that don’t involve reading or writing.

So what can a teacher utilize?

Exciting children and capturing their attention is key and I often bring to class real objects and costumes from home for children to touch and smell or play with- stimulating all their senses.  But carrying props to and from class can sometimes be impractical –  as an alternative flashcards work well.

Flashcards are simple, colourful drawings or photos that help children, of any age or language level, visually understand the meaning of the word it represents. They can be bought or easily printed and laminated and can be used to accompany  games, stories and songs.

How to use flashcards to teach English?

Avoid using  flashcards mechanically by simply holding them in front of the class and repeating the word over and over in a parrot fashion. This is an out-dated method used years ago and in my opinion makes learning very boring and unproductive.

Do use flashcards creatively and actively. Here is an example of a simple flashcard game, one that I have successfully played even with children as young as 2 years of age.

Traffic Lights

A flashcard movement game to introduce colours.

Level: All

Age group: 2+

Time: 7 mins

Aims: To introduce  colours:  Red, Yellow and Green.

Start by asking the children to pretend driving an imaginary car around the space for a minute or two manoeuvring the steering wheel and honking an imaginary  horn “BEEP; BEEP”!

Then explain that they are going to play a game called “Traffic Light”.  The teacher holds up a different colour flashcard (red , yellow or green) and  the children have to react and drive their “cars” around the space accordingly.

Holding up a green flashcard  indicates the children to GO (they  pretend to drive fast around the space).

Holding up a yellow flashcard  indicates the children to drive SLOWLY ( they pretend to drive slowly or crawl on all fours around the space )

Holding up a red flashcard  indicates the children to STOP (the children stop still and freeze)

Repeat and practice a few times chopping and changing  different colour flashcards.

As an extra activity choose a child to become the “traffic controller” and holds up and calls out the different colour flashcards.

Flashcard resources – a useful website to select and print your own flashcards.

Happy teaching – Miranda


Why Teach Children English with Music?

It’s amazing how songs just stick in our minds even after years and years.
Music is an incredible language tool because it helps children practice and memorize language in such a natural way that they don’t even realize that they’re learning and repeating new vocabulary, grammar or pronunciation, they’re simply carried away having fun in singing a song.
The question is what song do you teach and how do you teach it?



Five Little Monkeys Finger Puppet Song

Five Little Monkeys Swinging in a Tree Song For Children

Five little monkeys swinging in the tree
teasing Mr. Crocodile “you can’t catch me”
along came Mr. Crocodile quiet as can be and SNAP!!

Four little monkeys swinging in the tree
teasing Mr. Crocodile “you can’t catch me”
along came Mr. Crocodile quiet as can be and SNAP!!

Three little monkeys swinging in the tree
teasing Mr. Crocodile “you can’t catch me”
along came Mr. Crocodile quiet as can be and SNAP!!

Two little monkeys swinging in the tree
teasing Mr. Crocodile “you can’t catch me”
along came Mr. Crocodile quiet as can be and SNAP!!

One little monkeys swinging in the tree
teasing Mr. Crocodile “you can’t catch me”
along came Mr. Crocodile quiet as can be and SNAP!!

No more monkeys swinging in the tree!


Make An Impact Teaching Children English Through Drama

Your first lesson teaching children English using Theatre is an important one because it’s where you present yourself for the first time and depending on that first impression will determine if students decide to enrol in your courses or not. It’s really a make or break situation.
So how do you initially break the ice with young children and prepare them for a fun filled lesson of language learning?


Teach Children English through music 5 Green Frogs

5 Green Frogs Jumping on the Log

An adapted version of “10 Green Bottles sitting on the Wall” for ESL pre-schoolers. This is a fun and simple song to introduce numbers 1-5 and provides lots of vocabulary practice (frog, green, log, jump, splash).

I  bring along to class some frog masks for the children to wear and act out the song themselves. They have great fun jumping and splashing in a pretend pond.

Happy Teaching!



English Language Teacher Training Course, Florence Italy


English Teacher Training Course



 Course Dates:

Course Location:

Teatro Puccini Via delle Cascine, 41  50144 Florence, Italy 

This course is specially designed for Nursery and Primary School teachers in Italy and offers a unique “English Language Drama Training” experience, which will equip teachers to be more confident, effective and actively engaging in the classroom.

Acting and theatre activities help children of all ages focus and concentrate their energies and improve their language communication skills. This course provides practical examples of how to incorporate animatedly and creatively language games, songs, stories and role-play activities into the classroom. Children (and teachers) learn by doing and HAVING FUN!

Course programme : 

  • Creative Drama and role-play activities for young learners
  • Chants, rhymes and songs (using music effectively in the classroom)
  • Storytelling with Puppets, Masks, Costume and authentic materials
  • How to teach and engage young learners using TPR (Total Physical  Response)
  • Classroom management skills; appropriate language for the classroom
  • Building confidence teaching in English

The course is presented  by Miranda Fynn Legge, a native English speaker, professional actress (graduate from The Guildhall School of Music and Drama, London) and accredited English language teacher – Certificate CELTA (Cambridge University, England). Miranda has been teaching English through Drama to young learners, adults and teachers in Italy for over 25 years. Miranda also is the founder of the Teatro Inglese method. “Children have many years of learning ahead of them and I believe that if their first experience of English is pleasurable, motivating and fun, they will have a positive attitude towards it for the rest of their lives.”

During the one day course Miranda will share her teaching experience and introduce creative and practical ideas for the following key language themes Colours, The Body, Animals, Clothes, My House, Food, Weather, Time, Days of the week. All participants will be encouraged to “actively” take part.

In the afternoon participants will be encouraged to practice their new skills by presenting a  simple activity. As a group we will discuss their effectiveness based on their creativity, involvement and enjoyment from a young learners perspective and how each activity can be adapted to different levels. Miranda will also offer individual tips and suggestions for follow up activities and lesson plans.

Certification awarded: Attendance certificate detailing topics covered, course content and the number of training hours.



ESL Teacher Training Courses using Drama Games

I had a fantastic time earlier in December “EAL Teacher Training” Nursery and Primary school teachers in Pontedera near Pisa in Italy.

The teachers were all very welcoming and demonstrated such enthusiasm and dedication to their work . It was a thoroughly rewarding experience for me. We danced and sang all afternoon whilst I also tried to share some of my teaching experience in EAL/EFL storytelling  and drama technique. A big thank you to all the teachers and organisers of the event and I hope to see you all again soon and carry on where we left off.


Here are a few pics of myself with Italian Nursery and Primary School teachers.


Teacher Training Conference Italy

I have been invited to take part in presenting a teacher training workshop for Italian Nursery and Primary School teachers this Friday 14th December in Pontedera (Pisa). I am very excited about meeting everyone and exchanging ideas, methods and experience with other fellow ESL teachers based here in Italy. I will keep you posted on how it goes.



The Sticky Game

The Sticky Game 

Welcome back! I hope you all had a great summer break. I thought you might be interested in a fun and simple warm up game to start off the new term. I often use this “ice-breaker” with new classes as it not only familiarizes children with the different  parts of the body but it also encourages them to jump around to music and overcome any initial embarrassment or shyness they may have in relating to a new group.

Level: All

Age group: 3+ (ideal also with adults)

Time: 5 min

Aims: To introduce and practice body vocabulary e.g nose, ears, back, knees, hands, shoulders etc:

This game should be played in pairs. You will need some lively music to play. Ask the children to stand back to back and tell them, or better still demonstrate to them that they are “super glued” together and they must dance and move to the music without ever becoming “unstuck” from their partner. Call out different body parts that the children must “stick” to using their partner for example:

– Nose

– Feet

– Hands

– Ears

– Shoulders

– Back

– Eyelashes

– Cheeks

– Bottoms/ Backside

Continue suggesting different body parts, the faster the teacher changes words, the more hilarious the children find the game.

Happy teaching